Diverticular disease is the term for complications that arise when small sacs or pouches form in the wall of the colon. Diverticulum is a single sac or pouch, and diverticula are numerous sacs or pouches. Diverticula in the colon that does not create complications is called diverticulosis. However, diverticulosis can, and does, lead to a more serious complication called diverticulitis.
Colon surgeries are performed in a hospital, and you’ll be given a general anesthetic before the procedure so that you remain asleep and will not feel anything. After surgery, you’ll remain in the hospital for 4 to 8 days to monitor your healing and to ensure that your colon is working again. Before leaving the hospital, your surgeon will instruct you on important follow-up care, such as: when to assume normal daily and work activities, how to care for your stitches, potential symptoms to watch for that may require additional attention, what foods to eat, and when to schedule future office visits.
Surgical Options for Acute Diverticulitis
There are two surgical methods for diverticulitis: minimally invasive laparoscopic and traditional open surgery. The difference between the two options is that the laparoscopic procedure is performed by making several small incisions where special instruments and a camera are inserted into the abdomen while the traditional procedure involves a larger incision that enables the surgeon to use both routine instruments and his hands. The laparoscopic method results in fewer sutures, less scarring, and faster healing.
Types of Operations for Acute Diverticulitis
The operation option selected for your surgery will be the most effective method to control infections, minimize potential risk factors, and restore you to good health. Those options include:
- Removal of the affected section of your colon, either with or without a colostomy.
- Leaving your colon intact by applying an abdominal cavity washout.
- Creating a diversion of your fecal stream with a surgical opening between your body’s surface and an internal organ that does not necessitate removal of your colon.