When internal hemorrhoids, which are swollen veins, drop to the outside of the anus, they are referred to as being prolapsed. Both large internal hemorrhoids and external protrusions are very sensitive and may cause bleeding when you have a bowel movement. It is that this point that the burning, itching, pain, and discomfort can interfere with your daily life. When dietary changes and medications are not able to treat, or control, your hemorrhoid flare-ups, talk with your Glendora General Surgeon to see if you are a good candidate for a hemorrhoidectomy, the surgical procedure to remove hemorrhoids.
Once you are scheduled for a hemorrhoidectomy, it will be performed in a hospital. Depending on the number of hemorrhoids to be removed, where they are located, their sizes, and your personal medical condition, your surgeon will determine the best form of anesthesia for your procedure. A general anesthesia puts you to sleep for the entire operation. A local anesthesia only numbs the area around your rectum and anus. A regional anesthesia will numb you from the waist down. No matter which anesthesia you are given, you will not feel any pain during the operation.
After the anesthesia has taken effect, your surgeon will make a few small incisions in the skin around your anus where the hemorrhoids are located. The surgeon will use a scalpel to cut away the hemorrhoids. After the hemorrhoids are removed, and to prevent the potential for post-operative bleeding, the incisions may require stitches to hold the skin closed during the healing process. If the stitches need to be taken out, they will be removed during your follow-up appointment.